Spaying and neutering refer to the surgical sterilization of an animal under general anesthesia.
Spaying is a surgical procedure for female animals. Technically known as an ovariohysterectomy, spaying removes a female animal's ovaries and uterus.
Neutering, or orchiectomy, removes the testicles from male pets and is considered a simpler surgery than a spay. The term 'neutering' can also sometimes be used to refer to 'fixing' both female and male animals.
There are several benefits of spaying or neutering your cat:
Spaying or neutering your dog has several key benefits:
According to the ASPCA (American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals), it is estimated that around 3.2 million cats enter US animal shelters every year.
The absolute best way for you to protect your cat from potential diseases and help to reduce the number of unwanted cats in San Diego area shelters is by spaying or neutering your feline friend.
It is estimated that cats in the USA kill between 1.4 billion and 3.7 billion birds every year. By helping to keep the number of homeless cats to a minimum, you help to save the lives of countless birds and other wildlife, some of which are endangered.
Neutering a male cat can help to curb many undesirable cat behaviors such as spraying urine indoors and around the house to mark territory, roaming, howling, and fighting with other intact (non-neutered) male cats. Reducing your cat's temptation to fight may also reduce their risk of injury, and of contracting Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and Feline leukemia virus (FeLV).
Spaying a female cat before she enters her first heat cycle can help to reduce your cat's risk of developing pyometra (infection of the womb) and mammary tumors. It's also important to note that female cats carrying infectious diseases can pass serious conditions on to their kittens, who may then go on to spread the disease even further. In addition, the pregnancy and birth processes can be risky for younger cats, and costly to their owners.
According to the ASPCA (American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals), approximately 3.3 million dogs enter shelters every year across the USA.
Spaying or neutering your dog is the best way for you to not only help reduce the overall number of unwanted puppies each year but also improve your pet's behavior and reduce their risk of some serious health conditions.
Female dog spaying can help to prevent serious health problems such as pyometra, (a potentially life-threatening uterine infection), and mammary cancer.
Male dog neutering helps to prevent your pet from developing testicular cancer and can also help reduce unwanted behaviors such as dog aggression, straying, and sexual behaviors such as 'humping'.
Consult with your veterinarian to determine the best age to spay or neuter your cat or dog. Some research indicates there may be long-term health benefits to spaying or neutering dogs after they have passed through puberty.
Although many veterinary professionals recommend that female animals be spayed before their first heat (as early as 5 months of age), there is increasing evidence that this is too young as the animals have not been allowed to fully develop and grow.
After spay surgery, some patients will need to be sent to a trusted critical care facility for overnight monitoring, while others will go home on the same day. The rule of thumb is generally 7-10 days of restricted activity.
If the surgery goes without incident, your dog or cat can usually go home on the same day of the procedure, with activity restricted for a few days while the incision heals.
For both procedures, we may send your pet home with a protective collar to keep it from licking the incision.
We typically book a follow-up visit to check on how well your pet has healed and to remove the stitches.
No, your pet will be under general anesthesia, and will not feel anything during the procedure.
Natural weight gain after your puppy or kitten's spay/neuter procedure is a normal part of them growing into adult animals.
However, your pet will not gain weight as a result of being spayed or neutered.
College Animal Hospital is happy to welcome new patients! Our experienced vets are passionate about the health of San Diego pets. Get in touch today to book your pet's first appointment.